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On Being with Krista Tippett is a public radio project delving into the human side of news stories + issues. Curated + edited by senior editor Trent Gilliss.

We publish guest contributions. We edit long; we scrapbook. We do big ideas + deep meaning. We answer questions.

We've even won a couple of Webbys + a Peabody Award.

A Force More Powerful

by Margaret Benefiel, guest contributor

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Children watch fish in the reflection of a statue of Mahatma Gandhi at a park in Thrissur, India on International Non-Violence Day. (photo: Ragesh Vasudevan/Flickr)

In the midst of the American discussions of violence and civility in public discourse, we would do well to remember a lesson that Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. learned and taught: nonviolence is a force more powerful than violence.

Martin Luther King, Jr., following Gandhi, believed that nonviolence, like electricity, is a powerful force, and that humans have only begun to tap into its potential. The more we experiment with using nonviolence, the more we will discover its power to transform conflict into mutual understanding, to transform injustice into justice. Violence, on the other hand, always leads to the same end: more violence and destruction.

Dr. King reminded us:

"Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that. Hate multiplies hate, violence multiplies violence, and toughness multiplies toughness in a descending spiral of destruction — the chain reaction of evil — hate begetting hate, wars producing more wars — must be broken, or we shall be plunged into the dark abyss of annihilation."

Many have experimented with the power of nonviolence in international and national conflicts: Christian Peacemaker Teams stand between opposing forces in the world’s hot spots, Polish Solidarity leaders brought freedom to Poland without firing a shot, Gandhi and his followers broke the power of British rule in India, to name but a few.

What we also need in America today are those who will risk experimenting with the power of nonviolence in our families, in our communities, in our nation. American culture has become a violent culture, and we need pioneers who will blaze a new trail. We need to be shown another way.

Julio DiazA few unsung ordinary heroes (and probably many more we don’t know) have taken the first steps in blazing the trail. When New Yorker Julio Diaz followed the man who had taken his wallet at knifepoint and offered him his coat as well, leading to a transformative conversation and to his wallet being returned, he demonstrated the power of nonviolence in response to street violence.

Rep. Al GreenWhen Texas Rep. Al Green started his town hall meeting on health care reform with questions for his audience about how the meeting should be conducted, resulting in the group creating a mutually agreed-upon contract, he demonstrated the power of mutual respect in a group to counter disruptive violent tactics. We need more people who will follow in the footsteps of these pioneers.

As we begin to experiment with nonviolence, we will come face-to-face not only with our actions, but with our hearts as well. In Dr. King’s words:

"Nonviolence means avoiding not only external physical violence but also internal violence. You not only refuse to shoot a man, but you refuse to hate him."

Martin Luther King’s words, addressing the international arena but just as true within a nation, ring true for Americans today:

"We still have a choice today: nonviolent coexistence or violent co-annihilation."

May we choose to experiment with nonviolence in our families, our communities, and in our public discourse. If we take this experiment seriously, we will discover a force more powerful, a force powerful enough to transform our relationships on every level, powerful enough to transform our culture and to change the world.


Margaret Benefiel Margaret Benefiel lives in Boston and is a member of Beacon Hill Friends Meeting. She’s a consultant at Executive Soul and author of Soul At Work and The Soul of a Leader.

We welcome your original reflections, essays, videos, or news items for possible publication on the Being Blog. Submit your entry through our First Person Outreach page.

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ARW: A Documentary Unit Worth Exploring

Colleen Scheck, senior producer

American RadioWorks: "King's Last March"

The vital work of our talented colleagues at American RadioWorks (ARW) is on my mind for a number of reasons. It’s Martin Luther King Jr. Day, and I’m reminded of their 2008 documentary, "King’s Last March." I thought I knew a lot about the celebrated civil rights leader, but this program offers insight into his person that I haven’t heard elsewhere. It explores why a more pessimistic King chose a path of “deeper difficulty and greater risk” in his last year of life, and includes both familiar and lesser-known archival audio (check out Trent’s reflection from a few years ago for an audio example). There are many ways to reflect on the legacy of King. For me, one way is to have a better understanding of who he really was at various points in his life. This doc does that very well.

American RadioWorks: "Workplace U"

Also, as we continue to receive many thoughtful stories in response to our show with Mike Rose about the meaning of intelligence, I’m reminded of ARW’s more recent offering "Workplace U." It’s not a university but a movement to merge workplace and classroom that may offer low-income workers more opportunity for success than traditional educational models. There’s some real-world examples here that compliment Mike Rose’s perspective.

American RadioWorks: "What Killed Sergeant Gray"

Finally, ARW just received one of broadcast journalism’s highest honors, a 2010 duPont-Columbia award, for "What Killed Sergeant Gray" — a doc that delves into the connection between the use of torture in Iraq to PTSD in soldiers who abuse. Darius Rejali, whose expertise on the history and impact of torture we explored in "The Long Shadow of Torture" last June, is included here too.

I know I sound overly promotional here, but I would not mention these programs if I didn’t think you would find them compelling, meaningful, and complementary to some of the topics we’ve presented in the past year. They are part of the best of documentary journalism.

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